Plecostomus Species Fish Profile

The Pleco fish is a highly popular species among both advanced and beginner fish tank enthusiasts. Hypostomus plecostomus is commonly known as the suckermouth catfish and spends most of its time scavenging for food that sits at the bottom of most aquariums. These rugged tropical fish belong to the family Loricariidae and are also known for their love of algae. In fact, these favored fish are often seen attached to the inside wall of a fish tank eating up the algae that plagues most freshwater aquariums.

Pleco Fish Origin

Pleco fish are naturally found in tropical regions of South America, but they have also been relocated to areas in Asia and the southern United States. When introduced to a freshwater aquarium, the temperature of the water should be kept at a range that is suitable to their natural environment. Often, that range is suitable for this species when the temperature ranges from 73 to 81°F (23-27°C). Usually, when the temperature is left at around 78°, these fish will become more active and will be willing to show themselves. Water that is on the low end of the temperature spectrum often leads these small creatures to stay hidden. Generally, that is already the nature of Plecs--they are nocturnal and can be awfully shy.

The Common Pleco

At many fish stores, fishkeeping hobbyists will often find "common Plecos." Research should be carried out before purchasing one of these small fish as most common Plecos can grow to a length that reaches 24 inches. If a person starts out with a 10 gallon aquarium, the size of fish would soon outgrow its environment and require a larger fish tank. Fortunately, this challenge can be alleviated by doing some research and purchasing species that are smaller in size as they reach adulthood. Popular Plecs that don't grow as large include the Bushy nose Pleco, Gold Nugget Pleco and Green Phantom Pleco. A Green Phantom Pleco will usually not grow any larger than 7 inches, and a bushy nose Pleco will usually reach a length that is no longer than 6 inches

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